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Purpose: The Research Institute for Waldorf Education is an initiative working on behalf of the Waldorf school movement. It was founded in 1996 in order to deepen and enhance the quality of Waldorf science education, to engage in serious and sustained dialogue with the wider educational-cultural community, and to support research that would serve educators in all types of schools in their work with children and adolescents. A Research Bulletin is published twice a year and is distributed worldwide. The development and distributing of educational resources for science teaching is a prime focus. Support comes from individual donations, foundation grants, and philanthropic gifting. Back copies are available from AWSNA Publications, publications@awsna.org, or on-line in the AWSNA Bookstore, www.whywaldorfworks.org.

Volume I, Number 1
Waldorf Education in an Inner City Public School System – Research Report
Encounters in Waldorf Education–A Tribute to Ernst Boyer – Eugene Schwartz
Waldorf Education Research Institute in North America – Susan Howard and Douglas Sloan

Volume I, Number 2
Racism and Waldorf Education – Ray McDermott and Ida Oberman
Reflections on the Education of Consciousness – Douglas Sloan
Standardized Testing in a Non-Standardized World – Eugene Schwartz
Africa – Betty Staley
Research in the Life Sciences – Craig Holdrege

Volume II, Number 1
Technology issue including:
Violence and the Electronic Media: Their Impact on Children – Joan Almon
Building on Shifting Sands: The Impact of Computer Use on Neural
and Cognitive Development – Donna M. Chirico
Meetings with a Snake – Stephen Talbott

Volume II, Number 2
A New Educational Paradigm – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Changes in Brain Formation – Michael Kneissle
Organology and Physiology of Learning – Wolfgang Schad
New Health Problems of Children and Youth – University of Bielefeld (Germany)
Rudolf Steiner’s Efforts to Encourage Cultural Diversity – Detlef Hardorp
The Middle Passage?Out of Diversity We Become Whole – Cindy Weinberg

Volume III, Number 1
Schooling and the Postmodern Child – David Elkind
Developing a Culture of Leadership, Learning, and Service in
Waldorf Schools – Christopher Schaefer
The Third Space – Henry Barnes
What Conditions Are There for Taking Responsibility in an
Independent Culture? – Heinz Zimmermann

Volume III, Number 2
Educating the Whole Person for the Whole Life – Gerald Karnow, M.D.
Understanding the Etheric Organization in the Human Being:
New Insights through Anthroposophical Research – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Endangered Childhood – Joan Almon

Volume IV, Number 1
ADHD: the Challenge of Our Time – Eugene Schwartz
Helping Children: Where Research and Social Action Meet – Joan Almon
Computers, Brains, and Children – Stephen Talbott
Movement and Sensory Disorders in Today’s Children – Peter Stuck, M.D.
Can Waldorf Education Be Practiced in Public Schools? – Patti Smith

Volume IV, Number 2
Human Biography and Its Genetic Instrument – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Challenges and Opportunities in Evolution Education – James Henderson
The High Stakes of Standardized Testing – Edward Miller
Ecology: Coming into Being versus Eco-Data – Will Brinton
Genes and Life: The Need for Quantitative Understanding – Craig Holdrege

Volume V, Number 1
The Real Meaning of Hands-on Education – Frank Wilson, M.D.
America’s Gold Rush: Can It Be Redeemed? – Dorit Winter
Atopy in Children of Families with an Anthroposophic Lifestyle – Johan S. Alm, M.D., et al.

Volume V, Number 2
Balance in Teaching, Balance in Working, Balance in Living – Roberto Trostli
Adult Education in the Light of Anthroposophy – Michael Howard
Setting Priorities for Research: Attention-Related Disorders
(ARD) Study – Kim Payne and Bonnie River-Bento
Learning Expectations and Assessment Project (LEAP) – Leap Project Group   (Staley, Trostli, K. & B. Anderson,    Easton)
Sexual Abuse in Children: Understanding, Prevention, and Treatment – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.

Volume VI, Number 1
Confronting the Culture of Disrespect – Langdon Winner
Where Is the Waldorf School Movement Going? – Johannes Kirsch
Computers in Education: Why, When, How – Lowell Monk and Valdemar Setzer
Low SES Minority Fourth-Graders’ Achievement – Jennifer Schieffer and R.T. Busse

Volume VI, Number 2
Trained to Kill – Dave Grossman
Education of the Will as the Wellspring of Morality – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Hand Movements Sculpt Intelligence – Arthur Auer
The On-Line Waldorf Library Project – Dave Alsop

Volume VII, Number 1
Creating a Sense of Wonder in Chemistry – David Mitchell
Science as Process or Dogma? The Case of the Peppered Moth – Craig Holdrege
Spirit Will and Ethical Individuality – Michael Howard
Did Rudolf Steiner Want a Seven-Grade Elementary School
Configuration? – Mark Riccio
Phases and Transitions in Waldorf Education – Harlan Gilbert
Waldorf High School Research Project: Who Is the Teenager Today? – Douglas Gerwin
Initial Report of the Waldorf ADHD Research Project – Kim Payne, Bonnie River-Bento,
Anne Skillings
International Survey of the Status of Waldorf Schools – Earl Ogletree
Case Study Research: The Waldorf Teacher – Nina Ashur

Volume VII, Number 2
On Forgetting to Wear Boots – Stephen Talbott
Organizations as Living Organisms: Developing a Seven-fold View – Magda Lissau
Educating the Will?Part II: Developing Feeling Will in
Contrast to Sense/Nerve Will – Michael Howard
Recapitulation and the Waldorf Curriculum – Alduino Mazzone

Volume VIII, Number 1
No Such Thing: Recovering the Quality of Rudolf Steiner’s
Educational Work – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Beyond Innovation: Education and Ethos in an Era of Ceaseless Change – Langdon Winner
How Poems Teach Us to Think – Gertrude Reif Hughes
Educating the Will?Part III: Common Will and Comprehensive Will – Michael Howard
Whom Are We Teaching? – Susan Kotansky

Volume VIII, Number 2
The Vital Role of Play in Childhood – Joan Almon
In What Respect Are Star Children Different? – Georg Kühlewind
The Hague Circle Report – James Pewtherer and Monique Grund
Special Section: The Push for Early Childhood Literacy:
Taking a Careful Look
Moving in Slow Motion – Barry Sanders
A Risk Factor in Child Psychopathology – Sharna Olfman
Critical Issues and Concerns – Nancy Carlsson-Paige
The Loss of Nature – William Crain
The Push for Early Childhood Literacy: A View from Europe – Christopher Clouder

Volume IX, Number 1
Rudolf Steiner and the New Educational Paradigm – Christof Wiechert
Teaching as Learning in a Steiner/Waldorf Setting – Christopher Clouder
Education towards Health Is Education towards Freedom – Johannes Denger
The Stranger in the Mirror: Reflections on Adolescence in the
Light of Movement Education – Jaimen McMillan
Pulling the Grass Doesn’t Make It Grow Any Faster – Gerald Huether
The New Generation of Children – Renate Long-Breipohl

Volume IX, Number 2
Wellsprings of the Art of Education: Three Reversals in the
Work of the Waldorf Teacher – Christof Wiechert
Discovering the True Nature of Educational Assessment – Paul Zachos
The Kindergarten Child – Peter Lang
The Teaching of Science – David Mitchell
Evolution of Consciousness, Rites of Passage, and the
Waldorf Curriculum – Alduino Mazzone

Volume X, Number 1
Science and the Child – Stephen Talbott
Can Meditation Take the Place of Exercise? – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Non-Verbal Education: A Necessity in the Developmental Stages – Michaela Glöckler, M.D.
Organic Functionalism: An Important Principle of the Visual
Arts in Waldorf School Crafts and Architecture – David Adams
The Lowering of School Age and the Changes in Childhood: An Interim Report

Volume X, Number 2
The Current Debate about Temperament – Walter Riethmüller
Waldorf Education: Transformation Toward Wholeness – Vladislav Rozentuller and Stephen Talbott
The Art and Science of Classroom Management – Trevor Mepham
Spiritual Research: Casting Knowledge into Love – David Mitchell and Douglas Gerwin
Research on Graduates in North America, Phase I – Faith Baldwin, Douglas Gerwin,    and David Mitchell

Volume XI, Number 1
Puberty as the Gateway to Freedom – Richard Landl
Soul Hygiene and Longevity for Teachers – David Mitchell
The Emergence of the Idea of Evolution in the Time of Goethe – Frank Teichmann
The Seer and the Scientist:
Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner on Children’s Development – Stephen Keith Sagarin
The Four Phases of Research – adapted from Dennis Klocek
Reports from the Research Fellows
Beyond Cognition: Children and Television Viewing – Eugene Schwartz
PISA Study – Jon McAlice
State Funds for Waldorf Schools in England – Douglas Gerwin
On Looping – David Mitchell
The Children’s Food Bill – Christopher Clouder
All Together Now! Oscillations of Heart Rate and
Respiration Synchronized During Poetry Recital – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Waldorf Senior Survey – Waldorf High School Research    Project (Gerwin, et al.)

Volume XI, Number 2
Reading in Waldorf Schools Begins in Kindergarten and Avoids Clouding
the Mind’s Eye – Arthur Auer
Universal Human Nature: The Challenge of the Transition from
Kindergarten to Elementary School – Martyn Rawson
Art: Awakener of Consciousness, Humanizer of Society – Van James
The Seven Cosmic Artists: An Artistic View of Child Development – Magda Lissau
Education and Healing – Rudolf Steiner
Nurturing Human Growth: A Research Strategy for Waldorf Schools – Aksel Hugo
Work of the Research Fellows
Nature Deficit Disorder – David Mitchell
On Creativity – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Allergic Disease and Sensitization in Waldorf/Steiner School Children – Philip Incao, M.D.
Left-Handedness: A Call for Research – Douglas Gerwin
Assuming Nothing: Judith Rich Harris on Nature vs. Nurture – Eugene Schwartz
Against Anticulturalism: A Review of Books by Kay Hymowitz – Jon McAlice

Volume XII, Number 1
Reading in Waldorf Schools, Part II: Beginning in Flow and Warmth – Arthur Auer
Rudolf Steiner on Teaching Left-Handed Children – Daniel Hindes
The Tricky Triangle: Children, Parents, Teachers – Dorit Winter
Healing Children Who Have Attentional, Emotional, and
Learning Challenges – Susan Johnson, M.D.
What Will Today’s Children Need for Financial Success in
Tomorrow’s Economy? – Judy Lubin
The Development of the Hand in the Young Child – Jane Swain
On Spiritual Research – Rudolf Steiner
Work of the Research Fellows
Do Festivals Have a Future? – Eugene Schwartz
Spirituality in Higher Education – Arthur Zajonc
Quicksand and Quagmires of the Soul: The Subconscious Stimulation
of Youth through Media – David Mitchell

Volume XII, Number 2
Standing Out without Standing Alone: Profile of Waldorf High
School Graduates – Douglas Gerwin and David Mitchell
Reading in Waldorf Schools, Part III: Beginning in Sound and Form – Arthur Auer
Living Language in Waldorf Education – Helen Lubin
Anthroposophy and the Riddle of the Soul – Rudolf Steiner
Playing “Steiner Says”: Twenty Myths about Waldorf Education – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Reports from the Research Fellows
New Research on the Power of Play – Susan Howard
High-Stakes Testing – Eugene Schwartz
Rethinking the Waldorf High School: Two European Examples – David Mitchell

Volume XIII, Number 1
Moral Force: An Anthropology of Moral Education – Ernst-Michael Kranich
The Moral Reasoning of High School Seniors from Diverse
Educational Settings – Christine Hether
Can Moral Principles Be Taught? – Magda Lissau
Transformative Education and the Right to an Inviolate Childhood – Christopher Clouder
The Riddle of Teacher Authority: Its Role and Significance in
Waldorf Education – Trevor Mepham
Religious and Moral Education in the Light of Spiritual Science – Rudolf Steiner
Reports from the Research Fellows
Profits and Paradigms, Morality and Medicine – Philip Incao, M.D.
Visions of Peace – Michael Mancini
“A Still Small Voice”: Three Tools for Teaching Morality – Patrice Maynard
Blinking, Feeling, and Willing – Eugene Schwartz
From Virtue to Love – Arthur Zajonc

Volume XIII, Number 2
Rhythm and Learning – Dirk Cysarz
Thinking and the Consciousness of the Young Child – Renate Long-Breipohl
Assesssment without High-Stakes Testing – David Mitchell, Douglas Gerwin,    Ernst Schuberth, Michael Mancini,    and Hansjörg Hofrichter
The Art of Education as Emergency Aid – Barbara Schiller
What Have We Learned? Comparing Studies of German, Swiss, and
North American Waldorf School Graduates – Jon McAlice
Cultivating Humanity against a “Monoculture of the Mind” – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Reports from the Research Fellows
“Learning Arts, and the Brain”
– The Dana Consortium Report – Patrice Maynard
Waldorf Around the World – James Pewtherer
The Intercultural Waldorf School of Mannheim, Germany – David Mitchell
The Health and Heartiness of Waldorf Graduates – Douglas Gerwin

Volume XIV, Number 1
Sleeping on It: The Most Important Activity of a School Day – Arthur Auer
Advantages and Disadvantages of Brain Research for Education – Christian Rittelmeyer
What Makes Waldorf, Waldorf? – Stephen Keith Sagarin
Love and Knowledge:
Recovering the Heart of Learning through Contemplation – Arthur Zajonc
Teachers’ Self-Development as a Mirror of Children’s Incarnation: Part I – Renate Long-Breipohl
Of Seeds and Continents: Reliability, Predictability,
and Scientific Knowing – Michael D’Aleo
Reports from the Research Fellows
Honest, Complete Assessment and Social Renewal: A Revolution – Patrice Maynard
Crisis in the Kindergarten – Joan Almon and Edward Miller
Henry Barnes and Waldorf Education: A Personal Tribute – Douglas Sloan

Volume XIV, Number 2
The Social Mission of Waldorf School Communities – Christopher Schaefer
Identity and Governance – Jon McAlice
Changing Old Habits: Exploring New Models for Professional Development – Thomas Patteson and Laura Birdsall
Developing Coherence: Meditative Practice in
Waldorf School College of Teacher – Kevin Avison
Teachers’ Self-Development as a Mirror of Children’s Incarnation: Part II – Renate Long-Breipohl
Social-Emotional Education and Waldorf Education – David S. Mitchell
Television in, and the World’s of, Today’s Children – Richard House
Russia’s History, Culture, and the Thrust Toward High-Stakes Testing:
Reflections on a Recent Visit – David S. Mitchell
Da Valdorvuskii! Finding an Educational Approach for Children with
Disabilities in a Siberian Village – Cassandra S. Hartblay
Reports from the Research Fellows
One Hundred Meters Squared – Michael D’Aleo
Basic Schools and the Future of Waldorf Education – Peter Guttenhöfer
When One Plus One Equals Three: Evidence, Logic, and
Professional Discourse – Douglas Gerwin

Volume XV, Number 1
What Can Rudolf Steiner’s Words to the First Waldorf Teachers
Tell Us Today? – Christof Wiechert
Social Emotional Intelligence: The Basis for a New Vision of Education
in the United States – Linda Lantieri
Rudolf Steiner’s Research Methods for Teachers – Martyn Rawson
Combined Grades in Waldorf Schools:
Creating Classrooms Teachers Can Feel Good About – Lori L. Freer
Educating Gifted Students in Waldorf Schools – Ellen Fjeld KØttker and Balazs Tarnai
How Do Teachers Learn with Teachers?
Understanding Child Study as a Case for
Professional Learning Communities –Marisha Plotnik
Does Our Educational System Contribute to Attentional and
Learning Difficulties in Our Children? – Susan R. Johnson, MD, FAAP
Survey on Waldorf School Trustee Education – Martin Novom and Jean Jeager

Volume XV, Number 2
The Inner Life and Work of the Teacher – Margaret Duberley
The Human Body as a Resonance Organ:
A Sketch of an Anthropology of the Senses – Christian Rittelmeyer
Aesthetic Knowledge as a Source for the Main Lesson – Peter Guttenhöfer
Knitting It All Together – Fonda Black
The Work of Emmi Pikler – Susan Weber
Seven Myths of Social Participation of Waldorf Graduates – Wanda Ribeiro and
Juan Pablo de Jesus Pereira
Volunteerism, Communication, Social Interaction:
A Survey of Waldorf School Parents – Martin Novom
A Timeline for the Association of Waldorf Schools of North America – David S. Mitchell
Reports from the Research Fellows
More Online! – David Blair
Is Technology Producing a Decline in Critical Thinking and Analysis? – David Blair’s Review of
Patricia Greenfield study
Review of Chazan’s Children’s Play Study – Renate Long-Breipohl

Volume XVI, Number 1
Tending the Flame: The Link Between Education and Childhood – Philip Incao
Why Love Matters: How Affection Shapes a Baby’s Brain – Sue Gerhardt
Research into Resilience – Christof Wiechert
Reading Research Supports the Waldorf Approach – Sebastian Suggate
Thinking and the Sense of Thinking – Detlef Hardop
Outline of a Study Methology – Elan Leibner
The Founding Intentions – Michaela Glöckler
Attending to Interconnection: Living the Lesson – Arthur Zajonc

Volume XVI, Number 2
Science and the Humanities; The Great Rift in Modern Consciousness – Douglas Sloan
What Stands Behind a Waldorf School – David Mitchell
On Earth as It Is in Heaven: The Task of the College of Teachers – Roberto Trostli
The Plight of Early Childhood Education in the U.S. – Joan Almon
The Art of Knowing –Jonathan Code
Painting from a Palette Entirely Different –Johannes Kiersch
Authenticity in Education – Elan :Leibner
Soul Breathing Exercises – Dennis Klocek

Volume XVII, Number 1 (Download)
The Task of the College of Teachers: Part 2 – Roberto Trostli
“Spirit is Never without Matter, Matter Never without Spirit”– Liz Beaven
The Artistic Meeting: Creating Space for Spirit – Holly Koteen-Soule
Contemplative Practice and Intuition in a Collegial Context – Martyn Rawson
Contemplative Work in the College Meeting – Elan Leibner
Work of the Research Fellows Review of The Social Animal by David Brooks – Dorit Winter
Report on the Online Waldorf Library – Marianne Alsop

Volume XVII, Number 2
In Memoriam: David S. Mitchell – Douglas Gerwin & Patricia Maynard
The Three Castles and the Esoteric Life of the Teacher – Betty Staley
Learning for Life, Learning from Life – Florian Osswald
The Philosophical Roots of Waldorf Education, Part One: The Revolution – Frederick Amrine
The Concept of Learning in Waldorf Education – Jost Schieren
Modeling Clay: For all Ages? – Arthur Auer
Anything but Children’s Play: What Play in School Means for Learning – Irene Jung
Higgs Field and a View of the Material World that Makes Sense – Michael D’Aleo